When our shepherds bring us the wool in 200 kg bales, it is already washed and free of dust and natural grease. The bales enter a machine called a Loba Abridora or Loba Misturadora that loosens the fibres and mixes the colours while it softens the wool. After this it will rest a few hours in the chambers and then the carding begins.
The process of carding will align the fibres into a uniform mixture of colour and texture, opens up the fibres and stirs them up. The result is not the final yarn as it does not yet have the necessary strength.
After carding, the wool is gently twisted into ropes, ready for spinning into wool yarn, in the desired thickness depending on the final purpose of the fabric. The fibres are spun together by twisting at high speed.
It’s time to start weaving. The yarn is woven into fabric on looms. After that, there is the process of finishing, the so-called 'miracle of the textile industry', which will transform the fabric into the final fabric for clothing, decoration, upholstery and architecture. The fabric is beaten on the floor while being moistened, which results the fabric to shrink about 30% to 40%, to felt and to get to the desired thickness. Depending on the purpose of the fabric, several processes will follow, as well as stabilizing the fabric.
It is only after this long and meticulous process that we have Burel fabric at its best quality: strong, souple and durable.